The country was finally annexed and dissolved at the end of the Second Anglo-Sikh War in into separate princely states and the British province of Punjab. Eventually, a Lieutenant Governorship was formed in Lahore as a direct representative of the British Crown. Partition of Punjab[ edit ] The Punjab region , with its rivers. The land of the Punjabi People The independence of India and Pakistan, and the subsequent partition of Punjab, is considered by historians to be the beginning of the end of the British Empire. However, the growth of Muslim nationalism led to the All India Muslim League becoming the dominant party in the elections. As Muslim separatism increased, the opposition from Punjabi Hindus and Sikhs increased substantially. Communal violence on the eve of Indian independence led to the dismissal of the coalition government, although the succeeding League ministry was unable to form a majority. Along with the province of Bengal, Punjab was partitioned on religious lines — the Muslim-majority West becoming part of the new Muslim state of Pakistan, and the Hindu and Sikh East remaining in India. Partition was accompanied by massive violence on both sides, claiming the lives of hundreds of thousands of people.
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Its arts and crafts also form an important part of the deep-rooted artistic tradition of India and are equally rich and significant. The culture of Punjab prior to the partition of was a mixture of three strains one flowing frorn Kangra hills, the second from south-western area from Multan to Lahore, and the third from Peshawar w Lahore. Patiala and contiguous areas were not active culturally.
The three aforesaid areas contributed to the culture of the five river land.
Pakistan is the difficult child of South Asia – blessed with abundant natural and historical riches, but plagued by political instability, which has kept the country .
In this field, also, Punjab has the hoary and distinguished tradition which its people have maintained in spite of vicissitudes of time. Mud Works There is no limit to the creativity of Punjab’s craftsmen. They have this panache for turning seemingly dull materials into masterpieces of art. Take as simple a thing as mud for example. Plastering the walls with mud and drawing ferns, plants, several other fascinating motifs has been a way of life of the woman of Punjab.
Weaving and Embroidery Weaving of Durries cotton bed or floor spreads in myriad motifes and designs especially by young girls in the villages has been a long tradition in Punjab. These are also woven in stripes, cheek boards, squares, motifs of birds, animals and even plants as a part of dowry. Needle work of Punjab is unique, it has beautiful names because of its associations with beautiful aspects of life and the beautiful designs which the dextrous fingers of Punjab’s proverbially beautiful women create hav e such a wealth of forms and motifs that they defy enumeration.
Some of these are called Baghs, literally a garden, Phulkaris, literally flower work, rummals, scarfs. The patterns of needle work done on the bed spreads, chunnis, dupattas these are head covers and shirts and Salvars, are still different. Needle work on phulkaris is done on a deep coloured cotton cloth with striking silk threads. The threads is pierced upwards from underneath the cloth into free-hand motifs, while in the Baghs and Rummals such cloth is worked on the top side only.
Pakistani Culture: Life style of Pakistan
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I am at work right now, and just about 15 minutes back I was talking to an Italian-American woman who lived in India for 11 years she married an Indian whom she later divorced and was never accepted by the people just because she is white. The problem is that unfortunately most Indian parents stereotype all white women to be less respectful of elders, too much into following the western and modern lifestyle, which according to their judgement is “anti-eastern”.
There have been successful inter-racial marriages here in US, but too bad most don’t stand a very good chance back home. I am sometimes surprised to know of certain American women who fit and blend very well into Indian culture, and fully understand it. Another factor that could be responsible for this issue is the parents’ possessiveness and insecurity about their son if he is married to a white girl. They will always have second thoughts about her poisoning his mind about his own parents and harbor all sorts of fears.
Dresses Costumes of Punjab are an indication of the bright and vibrant culture and lifestyle of the people. The costumes are a mix of colours, comfort and beauty and Punjab is well known for the use of phulkari embroidery in its costumes. Whereas in urban areas of Punjab men and women follow latest trends and fashion, generally they wear different styles of shalwar kameez. Cuisine The extensive cuisine of Punjab can be vegetarian and non-vegetarian.
One commonality between all Punjabi dishes is the liberal usage of ghee or clarified butter spices and Punjabis are fond of sweet-meats also.
SATNAAM Deborah ji, your sentiments are unfortunately true. There does exist upto a great extent some obvious amount of hypocrisy and double-standards in Indian culture (both Punjabi & non-Punjabi .
Phitte mun jawai da Gheeta Pathar Some pebbles, stones or broken earthenware could be broken further into pieces and used for playing Gheeta Pather. This was a game, which did not involve running or jumping and was played sitting on the floor. Khidu The girls would sing along with Khidu Ball , in fact these rhymes and game is suitable for the children: This was for the first round, there was the second and third till the end was reached by counting ten and singing the tenth song.
Kokla Chhapaki This game is popular even today amongst the children. Both boys and girls play it. Children sit in a circles and a child who has cloth in hand goes around the circle-singing: It is a kind of warning for the children sitting in a circle not to look back. The cloth is then dropped at the back of a child. If it is discovered before the child who had placed it there had completed the round, the child who discovered the cloth would run after him and try to touch him with it till he sits in the place vacated by the one who had discovered the cloth.
Chicho Chich Ganerian This game is for both boys and girls.
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Faith and beliefs Gujarat is influenced with enculturation; a culture shared with members of the society and passed on from one generation to the next. Enculturation has unified people with common sense experience and influence that lead to knowledge and appreciation of cultural traditions and lifestyles. The aspect of joining hands to greet or bow down comes through age influences as offering reverence. Social systems of learning, religious practices and forms of artistic expressions have led way to more balanced lifestyles in Gujarat.
People of Gujarat are found to be sharing cultural traits and patterns with other regions and also extend beyond national boundaries towards International culture. Shared cultural background making people feel to home ground and more comfortable with other people from their own culture.
Essay on punjabi culture (the land of five dragonets) is the greatest land area of Australia and is utterly biased for its necessary. It controls most of its unique and. The Formula 3 page essay topics Punjab essaysThere are many aspects of culture that have been delayed over time.
Traditional chicken curry Indian Cinema Nothing mirrors a society better than its literature or cinema. It may seem to foreigners that Indian cinema is all about Bollywood and Bollywood is all about Hindi films. Nothing could be far from truth. Of the more than 1, films annually produced in India, a little over are in Hindi. Tamil, which also accounts for around films a year, gives a tough competition to Hindi cinema.
There is vibrant culture of cinema in other Indian languages too. Each year, several dozen movies come out in English. Indians love movies, a source of popular entertainment. They love to go out with their friends or family and could easily watch a Hindi movie for 3 hours. Life in India would be quite boring without these the colourful movies. Onam is a popular festival in Kerala, very few people in the north are even aware of it.
Similarly, Chhath puja is celebrated by only a few outside Bihar. Gurupurabs are a public holiday in Punjab, rarely a person from West Bengal is even aware of their existence. In Bihar my home state, we celebrate this festival with great devotion and enthusiasm.
PUNJABI CULTURE: PUNJABI CULTURE AND TRADITIONS
The jats are further divided into twelve chief clans gotras and about minor gotras. The Mullas belong to the separate Muslim Jats. The economy of Harayana is mainly dependent on agriculture which inturn is dependent on Jats who are the typical peasant caste. One fifth of the population is also taken over by the Harijan community.
Though the Islam community living here does not preach their religion here, they are divided into three categories namely the higher caste being taken over by the Asharf or Sharaf noble , the middle class by the Ajlaf base or mean and the lower caste by the Arzal. The Jats are supposed to be excellent cultivators.
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Punjab comes from the Persian words panj five and ab river and means “Land of the Five Rivers. The Punjab is an ancient center of culture in the Indian subcontinent. It lay within the bounds of the Harappan civilization, the sophisticated urban city-based culture that flowered in the Indus Valley during the third millennium BC. Harappa, one of the two great cities of this civilization, was located on the Ravi River in what is now Pakistan’s Punjab Province.
The Punjab has also been one of the great crossroads of southern Asian history. Nomadic tribes speaking Indo-European languages descended from the mountain passes in the northwest to settle on the plains of the Punjab around BC. After then, Persians, Greeks, Huns, Turks, and Afghans were among the many peoples that entered the Indian subcontinent through the northwestern passes and left their mark on the region.
Punjabis, who are basically of Aryan, or Indo-European ancestry, are the modern descendants of the mixture of peoples that passed through the region. At times in the past, the Punjab and its population have enjoyed a special political identity as well as a cultural identity. During the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries AD , the region was administered as a province of the Mogul Empire.